Signal Emitters Localization by Spectral Methods

Авторы: Chudnikov V.V., Shakhtarin B.I., Bychkov A.V., Kazaryan S.M. Опубликовано: 20.03.2020
Опубликовано в выпуске: #1(130)/2020  
DOI: 10.18698/0236-3933-2020-1-140-149

Раздел: Информатика, вычислительная техника и управление | Рубрика: Системный анализ, управление и обработка информации  
Ключевые слова: beamforming, localization, signal, virtual antenna array, spectral evaluation, MIMO

Methods are considered of generating signals in a radar sensor receiver provided with a colocated antenna system of Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) configuration when synthesizing virtual antenna arrays. Review of the basic spectral methods used in beamforming with digital automobile radars, such as Capon method, MUSIC and ESPRIT was carried out. Spatial spectra obtained by various methods were constructed for a radar signal model, and comparative spectra characteristic by angular resolution is provided. Output heatmaps in the angle-distance coordinate were constructed to represent methods operation according to the real target situation based on data sampling from the front-mounted automobile radar. Advantages of decomposition methods based on MUSIC and ESPRIT algorithms in solving the problem of a signal emitter localization are presented


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